~While grief may lead to mourning and emergence from loss, grievance, especially stemming from early parental loss, may lead to the frozen, deadened entanglement with the lost object that is akin to Freud’s concept of melancholy. This discussion will review some understanding about grievance and attempt to demonstrate in detail the clinical to and fro that may transform grievance into resolvable grief, while also respecting the massive de-animating resistance (entrenchment) that such grievance can mount against efforts to bring warmth and understanding.
- Differentiate grief from grievance.
- Describe several ways grievance maintains resistance against mourning, insight, and growth.
- Describe some clinical understandings that may facilitate the transformation of grievance into mourning and grief.
- Describe how grievance may impact not only the individual but his workplace, family and community relations.
- Describe how grievance may contribute to the entrapment one feels within a minority lifestyle choice, and the impact which resolution of the grievance may have on one's attitude toward that choice and toward the community in which that choice is embedded.
~Maxine Anderson, M.D. is currently a Training and Supervising Analyst at the Seattle Institute of Psychoanalysis, and a Clinical Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington. She was previously on the faculty at the Tavistock Clinic in London, England, and has published several papers in journals such as The British Journal of Psychotherapy, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, and Psychoanalytic Inquiry. She has participated in numerous seminars and presentations regarding the Kleinian perspective on the human personality and ways of addressing aspects of the personality and especially unconscious processes.